/*********************************************** * Chrome CSS Drop Down Menu- (c) Dynamic Drive DHTML code library (www.dynamicdrive.com) * This notice MUST stay intact for legal use * Visit Dynamic Drive at http://www.dynamicdrive.com/ for full source code ***********************************************/
Minnesota National Guard
Trying to Tame Unseen Demons of War

Minnesota Guard troops are part of a study aimed at preventing post-traumatic stress

Last week, a team of psychologists from the Minneapolis Veterans Medical Center began contacting the volunteers for their first postwar follow-up, part of a two-year plan to monitor them for signs of post-traumatic stress

The project, Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers, is one of the first in the nation to study the emotional lives of National Guard troops before and after combat, lead researcher Melissa Polusny said

The research was well underway before the suicide of Minnesota Marine Cpl Jonathan Schulze in January focused sharp attention on how well the US Department of Veterans Affairs provides mental health care for those fighting the war

For Polusny, the mystery isn't why some Soldiers become haunted or incapacitated by their memories of war, but rather why so many others are able to bounce back, without lasting hardship

"While it's common to have some initial disruption in their life when they come home, most Soldiers will be resilient -- they won't develop mental health problems," said Polusny, a psychologist with the Post-Traumatic Stress Recovery Program at Minneapolis' VA hospital

She designed the study to examine the secrets of their success

It comes at a time when there's been so much attention to post-traumatic stress, some veterans say, that many people think it's practically inevitable

"It's kind of become like the catch-all phrase," said Dan Gazelka, 24, of Bemidji, Minn, a sergeant in the National Guard who returned from Iraq in July "People automatically throw that out as soon as they hear that you went to Iraq If something bothers you [they] automatically assume, 'Oh, you have PTSD'"

It's estimated that 12 to 20 percent of Iraq war veterans are affected by post-traumatic stress, according to the VA's National Center for PTSD

Three signs of PTSD

There are three telltale signs of the disorder: Flashbacks of the traumatic experience, feeling detached and shut-down emotionally, and being hyper-alert for danger

But with returning veterans, it's really a matter of degree, experts say

After combat, many report some temporary symptoms -- trouble sleeping, headaches, nightmares, edginess, or feeling sad, guilty or distracted, according to the PTSD center It's a "normal reaction to combat experiences," says the center's 2006 Guide for Military Families, and most people "will recover naturally over time"

It only becomes a diagnosable mental illness, Polusny said, when the symptoms "get in the way of living your life," at times leading to tragic results: suicide, car accidents, alcohol and drug abuse, family violence and broken marriages

Yet experts say that it's far from universal "Most everybody who starts to study the issue is amazed at how resilient human beings can be in the face of trauma," said Dr Irving Gottesman, a University of Minnesota psychologist who has studied PTSD

Psychologists already know why some Soldiers are more likely to get through combat emotionally intact A big factor, Polusny said, is strong support from family and friends

But she wanted to learn more about their coping strategies and personality traits She persuaded the Department of Defense to fund the research, saying that it could lead to "new ways to increase Soldiers' resilience and recovery from combat-related distress, and thus increase military retention"

Nearly two years ago, she and three other VA psychologists went to Camp Shelby, Miss, where 2,500 Minnesota Guard troops were preparing to deploy to Iraq Of those, 531 agreed to fill out 22-page questionnaires covering everything from their childhood and family life to how they handle setbacks

Col Michael Rath, a National Guard physician who collaborated on the research, said that the study could help the military develop an early-warning system of sorts Rath, a family physician in Mankato, said there's no good way to predict who will fare well in combat, psychologically speaking The project may develop some indicators, and also offer better ways to prepare troops, he said

At the start, Polusny expected the Soldiers to be in good mental health The most important insights will come later, as the researchers follow them for two more years

A little worried

Gazelka admits that he was a little worried when his National Guard unit left for Iraq He had heard so much about PTSD, he said, that he wondered, "Will I be able to deal with it?"

In Iraq, he saw plenty of horror as he cleared roadside bombs His own vehicle was hit by one Miraculously, he said, "We came out unscathed" He also shared his combat experiences in a blog, which he called a stress-release valve

In July, Gazelka returned home to his wife, April, and son Landon, 2 "I've had a lot of close calls And I'm very thankful to God and everyone else that I made it out," he said

He and his guard buddies are watching for signs of stress But he doesn't worry if they jump at loud noises or feel restless "That's not necessarily a symptom -- we just came from a war zone," he said "As far as I've seen, everyone is adapting pretty well So far, so good"

Vietnam legacy

PTSD has gone by many names over the years -- shell shock, combat stress, the walking wounded But most of what scientists know about it has emerged since the Vietnam War, Polusny said By some accounts, it affected as many as 30 percent of Vietnam veterans

Since then, the military has launched programs to train troops to recognize symptoms and to find help if they need it

Don Elverd, a psychologist and a Vietnam veteran, said the military is doing a much better job with this generation than with his own "The pendulum has really swung," said Elverd, who counsels veterans with PTSD at Hazelden, near Center City

Not everyone has it

But he also worries that there may be too much talk about post-traumatic stress Some veterans walk in with PTSD checklists, believing they have the disorder, even if their problems are less severe

"They've got memories, they feel sad, they have some stuff that bothers them But they do not meet full criteria for PTSD," said Elverd, who suffered from PTSD

He says that he doesn't minimize the problem, but that "you have to be careful [that it does] not become a self-fulfilling prophecy"

Polusny sees no danger of that The more that people know about PTSD, she said, the sooner they recognize symptoms and seek help

And ultimately, that's her goal

"For those people that are struggling," she said, "early intervention is the most effective thing"

Maura Lerner, 612-673-7384, mlerner@startribune.com
Article source: http://www.startribune.com
Beyond the Yellow Ribbon, Reintegration Program: Bringing Soldiers and Their Families All The Way Home

Articles archive

In The News archive

Media Advisory archive

Latest News

Forging a path to career success

Posted: 2018-03-16  08:45 AM
Col. Angela Steward-Randle ST. PAUL, Minn. - Col. Angela Steward-Randle grew up in a military family - her father served in the Army on active duty - but it was a chance encounter with a friend at college that led her to want to make the military a career.

"My story is no different than many others," Steward-Randle, the Director of Human Resources, Manpower and Personnel for the Minnesota National Guard said. "I was in college and looking for financial resources to help pay for it."

Her college friend suggested they attend a summer training with the Reserve Officer Training Corps that had no obligation and could earn them some money. The friend never ended up going, but Steward-Randle did. After earning recognition as the top honor graduate and receiving an offer of a scholarship, she was hooked.

Minnesota Guardsman Receives Award for Combating Drugs in his Community

Posted: 2018-03-09  03:13 PM
Counterdrug WOODBURY, Minn. - Staff Sgt. Benjamin Kroll, an analyst with the Minnesota National Guard's Counterdrug Task Force who is assigned to work with the Hennepin County Sherriff's Office was recognized for his achievements as the Analyst of the Year during the 2018 Minnesota Association of Crime and Intelligence Analysts Training Symposium in Woodbury, Minnesota, March 7, 2018.

Through a partnership with Minnesota law enforcement agencies throughout the state, the Minnesota National Guard Counterdrug Task Force (MNCDTF) supports the anti-drug initiatives to counter all primary drug threats and vulnerabilities through the effective application of available assets, said Maj. Jon Dotterer, Counterdrug Coordinator for the State of Minnesota. The goal for the program is to support federal, state, tribal, and local agencies in the detection, disruption, interdiction, and curtailment of illicit drugs.

Kroll is one of sixteen service members on the Counterdrug Task Force that provides this force-multiplying service to our communities against illicit drug-use. With the information that law enforcement provide through their patrols and daily operations, Kroll and his colleagues across the state assist by putting together a figurative picture with all of the gathered information which aids in identifying how to move forward with legal action to deter or prevent the sale or use of illegal narcotic drugs.

Women Opened Doors in Minnesota National Guard

Posted: 2018-03-08  09:05 AM
Minnesota National Guard ST. PAUL, Minn. - "The battlefront is no place for women to be," said Command Sgt. Maj. Earl Kurtzweg, 125th Field Artillery, in an article published in 1976. "There are certain jobs girls say they can do, but they just can't do ... the battlefront is no place for women to be. Other countries in the world use women in combat, but the U.S. has not come around to that way of thinking." Kathy Berg, a New Ulm reporter summarized at the time. "So women in the New Ulm unit take care of personnel files and pay records and leave the fighting to the men."

The Minnesota National Guard has "come around to that way of thinking" since those early days of gender integration. In the last 44 years women have made momentous strides toward inclusion and acceptance. Their accomplishments are testimony to their fortitude and the progressive development of the Minnesota National Guard.

When an accomplished female Soldier is credited with breaking barriers she will often pass that honor to the women that preceded her. Brig. Gen. Johanna Clyborne is such a leader. She acknowledges that she is one of the first females in the Minnesota National Guard who has held key leadership roles, however she sees it differently. "I feel responsible for all women in uniform," said Clyborne. "Women before me opened the door, now I've cleared the room. It's up to the women behind me to hold the room."

Securing the Bold North: Minnesota National Guard supports Super Bowl LII

Posted: 2018-02-02  10:45 PM
Super Bowl 52 MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. - More than 400 Minnesota National Guardsmen are supporting security efforts in Minneapolis ahead of Super Bowl 52.

"This is what we do," said Maj. Gen. Jon Jensen, Adjutant General of the Minnesota National Guard. "When the local community can't meet the public safety needs, they come to the Guard. We're their normal partner, we're a natural partner, and we're their preferred partner when it comes to filling in the gaps that they can't fill."

At the request of the city, Minnesota Governor Mark Dayton authorized the Minnesota National Guard to provide support to security efforts leading up to and during Super Bowl 52. The Guardsmen are providing direct support to and working alongside law enforcement officers from across the state. Like their civilian law enforcement partners, Minnesota Guardsmen are focused on ensuring a safe experience for the residents and visitors who are attending the Super Bowl festivities.

Article archive