/*********************************************** * Chrome CSS Drop Down Menu- (c) Dynamic Drive DHTML code library (www.dynamicdrive.com) * This notice MUST stay intact for legal use * Visit Dynamic Drive at http://www.dynamicdrive.com/ for full source code ***********************************************/
History
Minnesota National Guard
Trying to Tame Unseen Demons of War

Minnesota Guard troops are part of a study aimed at preventing post-traumatic stress

Last week, a team of psychologists from the Minneapolis Veterans Medical Center began contacting the volunteers for their first postwar follow-up, part of a two-year plan to monitor them for signs of post-traumatic stress

The project, Readiness and Resilience in National Guard Soldiers, is one of the first in the nation to study the emotional lives of National Guard troops before and after combat, lead researcher Melissa Polusny said

The research was well underway before the suicide of Minnesota Marine Cpl Jonathan Schulze in January focused sharp attention on how well the US Department of Veterans Affairs provides mental health care for those fighting the war

For Polusny, the mystery isn't why some Soldiers become haunted or incapacitated by their memories of war, but rather why so many others are able to bounce back, without lasting hardship

"While it's common to have some initial disruption in their life when they come home, most Soldiers will be resilient -- they won't develop mental health problems," said Polusny, a psychologist with the Post-Traumatic Stress Recovery Program at Minneapolis' VA hospital

She designed the study to examine the secrets of their success

It comes at a time when there's been so much attention to post-traumatic stress, some veterans say, that many people think it's practically inevitable

"It's kind of become like the catch-all phrase," said Dan Gazelka, 24, of Bemidji, Minn, a sergeant in the National Guard who returned from Iraq in July "People automatically throw that out as soon as they hear that you went to Iraq If something bothers you [they] automatically assume, 'Oh, you have PTSD'"

It's estimated that 12 to 20 percent of Iraq war veterans are affected by post-traumatic stress, according to the VA's National Center for PTSD

Three signs of PTSD

There are three telltale signs of the disorder: Flashbacks of the traumatic experience, feeling detached and shut-down emotionally, and being hyper-alert for danger

But with returning veterans, it's really a matter of degree, experts say

After combat, many report some temporary symptoms -- trouble sleeping, headaches, nightmares, edginess, or feeling sad, guilty or distracted, according to the PTSD center It's a "normal reaction to combat experiences," says the center's 2006 Guide for Military Families, and most people "will recover naturally over time"

It only becomes a diagnosable mental illness, Polusny said, when the symptoms "get in the way of living your life," at times leading to tragic results: suicide, car accidents, alcohol and drug abuse, family violence and broken marriages

Yet experts say that it's far from universal "Most everybody who starts to study the issue is amazed at how resilient human beings can be in the face of trauma," said Dr Irving Gottesman, a University of Minnesota psychologist who has studied PTSD

Psychologists already know why some Soldiers are more likely to get through combat emotionally intact A big factor, Polusny said, is strong support from family and friends

But she wanted to learn more about their coping strategies and personality traits She persuaded the Department of Defense to fund the research, saying that it could lead to "new ways to increase Soldiers' resilience and recovery from combat-related distress, and thus increase military retention"

Nearly two years ago, she and three other VA psychologists went to Camp Shelby, Miss, where 2,500 Minnesota Guard troops were preparing to deploy to Iraq Of those, 531 agreed to fill out 22-page questionnaires covering everything from their childhood and family life to how they handle setbacks

Col Michael Rath, a National Guard physician who collaborated on the research, said that the study could help the military develop an early-warning system of sorts Rath, a family physician in Mankato, said there's no good way to predict who will fare well in combat, psychologically speaking The project may develop some indicators, and also offer better ways to prepare troops, he said

At the start, Polusny expected the Soldiers to be in good mental health The most important insights will come later, as the researchers follow them for two more years

A little worried

Gazelka admits that he was a little worried when his National Guard unit left for Iraq He had heard so much about PTSD, he said, that he wondered, "Will I be able to deal with it?"

In Iraq, he saw plenty of horror as he cleared roadside bombs His own vehicle was hit by one Miraculously, he said, "We came out unscathed" He also shared his combat experiences in a blog, which he called a stress-release valve

In July, Gazelka returned home to his wife, April, and son Landon, 2 "I've had a lot of close calls And I'm very thankful to God and everyone else that I made it out," he said

He and his guard buddies are watching for signs of stress But he doesn't worry if they jump at loud noises or feel restless "That's not necessarily a symptom -- we just came from a war zone," he said "As far as I've seen, everyone is adapting pretty well So far, so good"

Vietnam legacy

PTSD has gone by many names over the years -- shell shock, combat stress, the walking wounded But most of what scientists know about it has emerged since the Vietnam War, Polusny said By some accounts, it affected as many as 30 percent of Vietnam veterans

Since then, the military has launched programs to train troops to recognize symptoms and to find help if they need it

Don Elverd, a psychologist and a Vietnam veteran, said the military is doing a much better job with this generation than with his own "The pendulum has really swung," said Elverd, who counsels veterans with PTSD at Hazelden, near Center City

Not everyone has it

But he also worries that there may be too much talk about post-traumatic stress Some veterans walk in with PTSD checklists, believing they have the disorder, even if their problems are less severe

"They've got memories, they feel sad, they have some stuff that bothers them But they do not meet full criteria for PTSD," said Elverd, who suffered from PTSD

He says that he doesn't minimize the problem, but that "you have to be careful [that it does] not become a self-fulfilling prophecy"

Polusny sees no danger of that The more that people know about PTSD, she said, the sooner they recognize symptoms and seek help

And ultimately, that's her goal

"For those people that are struggling," she said, "early intervention is the most effective thing"

Maura Lerner, 612-673-7384, mlerner@startribune.com
Article source: http://www.startribune.com
Beyond the Yellow Ribbon, Reintegration Program: Bringing Soldiers and Their Families All The Way Home




Articles archive

In The News archive

Media Advisory archive

Latest News

Iowa Red Bull takes command of 34th Infantry Division

Posted: 2017-12-13  10:11 AM
Minnesota National Guard JOHNSTON, Iowa - Brig. Gen. Benjamin J. Corell, Deputy Adjutant General of the Iowa National Guard, assumed command of the 34th Infantry Division "Red Bulls" during a ceremony in Rosemount, Minnesota, on December 9, 2017.

Headquartered in Minnesota, the division has been commanded almost-exclusively by members of the Minnesota National Guard since 1968.

"Typically there's been very few people who have been allowed to command the 34th Infantry Division that didn't come from the state of Minnesota," Corell said.



Minnesota-based aviation unit honors storied division, enters into new, 'expeditionary' era

Posted: 2017-12-12  11:29 AM
Minnesota National Guard ST. PAUL, Minn. - Soldiers of the Minnesota National Guard's 34th Expeditionary Combat Aviation Brigade (ECAB), who recently celebrated a year full of achievements, have embraced a new name: Red Devils.

The St. Paul-based unit hosted its annual aviation brigade ball Dec. 9, at the Envision Event Center in Oakdale, Minnesota, where the unit's new logo was unveiled.

Soldiers of the 34th ECAB, which falls under and supports the 34th Red Bull Infantry Division, will continue to wear the Red Bull insignia on their uniforms. However, they will now be known and referred to as the Red Devils, a name that pays homage to the division's historical accomplishments and fierce warfighting.



Minnesota Nice Extends to Puerto Rico

Posted: 2017-12-08  12:08 PM
Minnesota National Guard CAMP SANTIAGO, Puerto Rico - It has been more than two months since Hurricane Maria stuck Puerto Rico, leaving a trail of disaster behind it. The island was in dire need of some extra help. More than 230 Air National Guardsmen from 29 states have been deployed to the island and are helping in any way they can.

Eleven of those Airmen are from the Minnesota National Guard's 148th Fighter Wing out of Duluth, Minn. and the 133rd Airlift Wing out of St. Paul, Minn., are no exception in their desire to lend a helping hand. They have been at Camp Santiago, Puerto Rico, since before Thanksgiving and will leave around mid-December. Their mission is to feed military and civilian hurricane relief workers, giving them the much-needed fuel to complete their mission throughout the day.



Governor Mark Dayton installs new Minnesota National Guard Adjutant General

Posted: 2017-11-04  04:16 PM
TAG installation ST. PAUL, Minn. - Minnesota Governor Mark Dayton administered the oath of office to Maj. Gen. Jon A. Jensen, installing him as the Minnesota National Guard's 31st Adjutant General during a ceremony in St. Paul, November 4, 2017.

"General Jensen has been a tremendous leader of the Minnesota National Guard throughout his years of dedicated service," said Governor Dayton. "He has served in two top leadership positions, as the Commanding General of the 34th Red Bull Infantry Division, and also as the Chief of Staff at the Guard's Joint Force Headquarters. I am confident that he will continue to provide the same outstanding leadership as his predecessor, General Rick Nash."

Jensen most recently served as the Commanding General of the 34th Red Bull Infantry Division. He previously held positions as Deputy Commanding General, United States Army Africa and Southern European Task Force, Minnesota National Guard Director of the Joint Staff and Minnesota National Guard Assistant Adjutant General - Army.



Article archive
 
top