| Business forum: Veterans armed with job protection
Minnesotans join the rest of the nation in honoring military veterans. The traditional Veterans Day fell on Sunday, Nov. 11, commemorating the end of World War I 94 years ago. But many official observances are Monday, including ceremonial events at various cemeteries, Fort Snelling and other sites around the country.
Minnesota honors those who have served in the military in the workplace, too, including legislation adopted earlier this year that expands job opportunities for veterans and their spouses.
Laws aimed at giving veterans more job-related rights date to the late 19th century in Minnesota, including a measure that provides greater job protection in the public sector than non-veterans receive. Other long-standing laws give veterans and their spouses advantages in hiring and for some promotions within the public sector.
The most recent addition to Minnesota laws favoring veterans was passed by the Legislature this year and signed by Gov. Mark Dayton. The measure extends the rights of veterans from the public sector to private enterprise. Under the law, private-sector employers are authorized, but not obligated, to grant "preference" to hiring and promoting veterans. This also extends to spouses of military veterans who are permanently and totally disabled due to a service-related injury and to the surviving spouses of deceased veterans.
The law does not specify what type of "preference" may be granted, how it may be bestowed, or any other details. Rather, it simply permits employers to give such preferences to veterans and, if disabled or deceased, to their spouses.
Pre-existing law in Minnesota prohibits discrimination in employment against individuals because of their military status. The new law, conversely, allows them to be given preferential treatment and, to dispel any doubt, expressly states that granting such favoritism does not constitute a violation of any state or local anti-discrimination laws.
That exemption, however, does not assure avoidance of litigation. A non-veteran might still find some ways to assert discrimination because of preferential treatment given to veterans.
Further, veterans themselves may raise various charges that they are being treated less favorably than other veterans with different or longer military service records.
These disputes may be avoided if company management adopts written policies for according preference to veterans in hiring or promotion. Failure to do so could leave firms vulnerable to charges of impropriety in positioning veterans more favorably than non-veterans or even in preferring some veterans over others.
The private-sector preference permitted by the new Minnesota law complements other favorable considerations that veterans receive in the state. One law allows veterans and their spouses preferential treatment in hiring in the public sector. If competitive examinations are given for hiring, veterans and their spouses are required to be given 5 additional points on a 100-point scale, while disabled veterans can obtain up to 10 points. On first-time promotional exams, disabled veterans are given 5 points.
And preferential treatment does not exist only in hiring. The venerable Veterans' Preference Act, which has been on the state's books since 1907, entitles those who performed military service for more than six months and have been honorably discharged the right to challenge any dismissal -- and even some significant demotions -- in most public-sector jobs by requiring the employer to prove that the action is taken against them because of "incompetency or misconduct." This is a high standard that gives veterans much more protection than their colleagues, who generally work on an at-will basis and can be demoted, disciplined or even discharged without proof of poor performance or any misbehavior.
The Veterans' Preference law primarily covers employees of county, municipal and other local branches of government, with some exceptions for management-level jobs. The law does not extend to employees of the state or the University of Minnesota.
Still, the Veterans' Preference measure is a potent one. Not only does it limit disciplinary action, especially termination of veterans, but it also allows them to remain on the payroll during the time that they are contesting any discharge.
Another law, also only applicable to public-sector employees, grants veterans a leave of absence for up to 15 days a year for military service.
These Minnesota measures exist side by side with some workplace protection laws at the federal level. The most notable is the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act, commonly known as USEERA, which prohibits retaliation against an individual because of past, present or prospective military service. It is most often invoked when those in the military are denied their jobs, or given inferior ones, upon return from the service. Some may view these preferential measures as being unfair to those who are not veterans. Those who have worn the uniform may feel that they are entitled to even more advantages in the workplace. But they are definitely armed with an arsenal of laws that can protect their rights in the workplace.
The conflict at home: Substance Abuse Awareness Month
Posted: 2014-10-01 02:51 PM
ST. PAUL, Minn.- Not only a time for jumping into piles of red- and gold-colored leaves, October is also Substance Abuse Awareness Month.
For nearly twenty years, the U.S. has recognized Red Ribbon Week, an event to conduct drug prevention education and advocacy. For several years, Minnesota National Guard members have participated in community events to support the initiative. The campaign runs through the final week of October each year.
"With the Red Ribbon Campaign we're going to take every opportunity that we can to promote what we're trying to do in the National Guard and highlight some of the community resources and partners that we've been working with as well," said Capt. Tara Robertson, substance abuse prevention program manager for the Minnesota National Guard.
Minnesota National Guard Senior Enlisted Advisor position changes hands
Posted: 2014-09-29 02:36 PM
ST. PAUL, Minn.- Command Sgt. Maj. Douglas Wortham took responsibility as the Minnesota National Guard Senior Enlisted Advisor from Command Sgt. Maj. Cynthia Kallberg during a ceremony in St. Paul, September 27, 2014.
Maj. Gen. Richard C. Nash, adjutant general of the Minnesota National Guard, described Kallberg as a leader, technical expert, mentor and trailblazer. Kallberg took on the position of Senior Enlisted Advisor in December of 2011 and is the first female to hold that position in the Minnesota National Guard.
Minnesota National Guard leaders discuss suicide during suicide awareness roundtable
Posted: 2014-09-25 01:09 PM
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.- According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, about 22 veterans in the U.S. are lost each day to suicide. And while statistics vary from state to state, from age group to age group and from organization to organization, suicide is undoubtedly an issue for those who have served and their families.
Leaders from the Minnesota National Guard talked about the topic of suicide in a recent round table discussion on Minnesota Military Radio during a September show in honor of National Suicide Prevention Month. (To listen to the complete show, visit http://minnesotamilitaryradiohour.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MMR091414.mp3)