History
Minnesota National Guard
This Day in History


Jan | Feb | Mar | Apr | May | Jun | Jul | Aug | Sep | Oct | Nov | Dec

January

Jan. 1, 1960- The 133rd Fighter Group becomes the 133rd Air Transportation Group. Jan. 6, 1942- The 194th Tank is the last unit to enter Bataan and is the final hope to repel Japanese forces during the siege of Bataan.

Jan. 9, 1942- The entire 34th Infantry Division moves to Algeria in preparation to engage Rommel's Africa Corps.

Jan. 15, 2007- 1st Brigade Combat Team is officially extended in Iraq. The 1st BCT becomes the longest continuously deployed National Guard unit in Iraq, 1 year 4 months plus six months active duty training in Mississippi.

Jan. 16, 1951-
The 9,000 men of the 47th Infantry Division are transferred from state to federal service to begin training at Ft. Rucker, Ala., in preparation for Korea.

Jan. 17, 1921-
The 109th was the first Air National Guard unit to receive federal recognition following World War I.

Jan. 18, 1951-
133rd Fighter Wing is alerted to active duty for possible deployment to Korea.

Jan. 19, 1862-
The 2nd Minnesota becomes heavily engaged in the Battle of Mill Springs, the second largest battle in the state of Kentucky and one of the first Union victories.

Jan. 20, 1930- The 434th Chemical Company is federally recognized as an element of the 34th Infantry Division.

Jan. 22, 1986-
Units from across the state are called up to patrol a meat packers strike in Austin.

Jan. 25, 1884- A fire at Stillwater Prison requires the Guard to watch prisoners while the prison is rebuilt.

Jan. 26, 1942- The 34th Infantry Division arrives in Ireland, the first American troops in the European theater.
February

Feb. 1, 2004- Elements of the 34th Infantry Division: the Division Support Command (DISCOM) and the 2nd Brigade, represent the Minnesota National Guard for the Kosovo International Security Force (KFOR) 5b in Kosovo.

Feb. 4, 1899-
The Philippine Insurrection breaks out and the 13th Minnesota is sent to the fight.

Feb. 10, 1940- The presidential call goes out to the National Guard to report to their stations and prepare for training and inevitable war.

Feb. 14, 1862-
Brackett's Battalion sees action during the Fort Donelson Campaign near Clarksville, Tenn.

Feb. 15, 1863- Joseph Burger of Company H, 2nd Minnesota Infantry, is awarded the Medal of Honor. Burger was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack, and saved the train.

Feb. 15, 1863-
Corp. William A. Clark, Company H, 2nd Minnesota Infantry is awarded the Medal of Honor along with eight others from the 2nd Minnesota. Clark was one of a detachment of 16 men who heroically defended a wagon train against the attack of 125 cavalry, repulsed the attack, and saved the train.

Feb. 21, 1941- The 135th Infantry, 34th Infantry Division proceed by rail to Camp Claiborne, La., to begin training for European Operations.

Feb. 22, 1959-
Division Support Command (DISCOM) is organized in Minneapolis for the 47th Infantry Division.

Feb. 22, 1899-
With Filipinos attacking the city from the outside and an uprising developing within the city, the Minnesotans quickly found their hands full. There, companies C and M were attacked by a large group of Filipinos, while much of the district was set on fire. The 13th held their ground and were able to drive the Filipinos out of the city.
March

March 1, 1951- Two of the four squadrons from the 133rd Interceptor Group mobilize for federal duty.

March 7, 1944-
109th Reconnaissance Squadron flies over France to photograph German V-1&2 rocket platforms.

March 10, 1864-
The 5th Minnesota joins the Red River Campaign in Louisiana, the Union's unsuccessful attempt to capture Mobile, Ala., from the Confederate Army.

March 13, 1858-
A group of local citizens intent on protecting their private property, calling themselves the Stillwater Light Guard, is formed. They eventually become the 25th Regiment of the 9th Brigade of the 5th Division of the state militia system.

March 20, 1862-
The 5th Minnesota Regiment Volunteer Infantry musters to defend the union.

March 26, 1945-
Companies G & I of the 136th Infantry Regiment are cited for outstanding performance of duty in action on Northern Luzon Philippine Islands and receive the Distinguished Unit Citation.

March 31, 1950-
Col. Ray Miller is promoted to Brigadier General and is named the Chief of Staff of the Guard Air Section.
April

April 2, 1865- The 5th Minnesota battles in Alabama during the siege and capture of Fort Blakely.

April 3, 1997
- The largest state mission call-up is needed when the Red River floods communities in northwest Minnesota. Over 28,037 man days are used.

April 6, 1862- Brackett's battalions and the 1st Minnesota Light Artillery see action under General Grant at Shiloh, Tenn., in one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War.

April 9, 1942-
The allies surrender to Japan after the Battle of Bataan, and members of the 194th Tank Battalion are marched across the Philippines with 75,000 other allies in what is known as the Bataan Death March.

April 12, 1861-
Gov. Alexander Ramsey offers 1,000 troops to the President Lincoln in support of the union, the first governor to do so.

April 14, 1918-
In light of the war against Germany, Gen. Frederick E. Resche, a German, is compelled to retire after 30 years of service in the Minnesota National Guard.

April 15, 1857-
The St. Paul Light Cavalry is formed.

April 17, 1856-
The Minnesota Pioneer Guard is formed, the first and original Minnesota National Guard unit and forebear to the 1/34 Brigade Combat Team.

April 21, 1945-
The 34th Infantry Division captures Bologna, Italy. Pursuit of the routed enemy is halted May 2 with the German surrender in Italy.

April 29, 1898-
The Minnesota National Guard is the first to volunteer for the war against Spain.

April 29, 1862- The 2nd, 4th, and 5th of Brackett's battalions and the 1st Minnesota Light Artillery participate in the Siege of Corinth, Miss.

April 30, 1942-
The 135th Infantry leaves the New York harbor for additional training in Ireland.

May

May 1, 1943- 34th Infantry Division captures famous Hill 609 in Tunisia, the last heavily fortified German position left in North Africa.

May 1, 1945-
The German 34th Division surrenders to the 34th Infantry Division after the final engagement in Italy.

May 3, 1945-
A Co. 136th Infantry Regiment receives Distinguished Unit Citation. Able Company is cited for outstanding performance of duty in action against the enemy, in the vicinity of Tebbo, Nueva Viscaya Province, Northern Luzon, Philippines.

May 4, 1861-
Secretary of War Simon Cameron asks Gov. Alexander Ramsey to re-enlist the 1st Minnesota for three years.

May 6, 1898-
Gov. David Clough follows Civil War tradition and names the regiments headed for duty during the Spanish-American war the 13th, 14th, and 15th Minnesota regiments.

May 10, 1972-
Military police and field artillery National Guard members are called upon during war protests at the University of Minnesota.

May 14, 1948-
Gov. Luther Youngdahl calls on the Guard to patrol a meat packers strike in South St. Paul. The Guard is employed for three weeks and makes national news.

May 19, 1945-
Artillerymen of the veteran 34th Red Bull Division fire more than 1,125,639 shells at the Germans in World War II, the most artillery support for the infantry in the war.

May 20, 1943-
Gen. Dwight Eisenhower congratulates the 34th Infantry Division and 135 Infantry Regiment during their victory parade in Tunisia.

May 25, 1898-
President William McKinley calls for 75,000 more troops to fight in the Spanish-American War. Minnesota responds with a fourth regiment know as the 15th Minnesota Infantry Regiment.

May 26, 1863-
Corp. Jesse T. Barrick, Company H, 3rd Minnesota Infantry, is awarded the Medal of Honor for capturing, while alone on a scouting mission, two armed Confederate guerrilla officers.
June

June 1, 1933- The first two weeks of National Guard annual training are held at Camp Ripley, two years after the post opens.

June 1, 1862-
The 1st Minnesota fights the Confederates at the battle of Fair Oaks in Henrico County, Va.

June 4, 1944- 135th Infantry, 34th Infantry Division enters Rome as the Germans continue heading north.

June 7, 1936-
Law enforcement receives Guard assistance to apprehend 16 escaped insane and dangerous prisoners.

June 10, 1946-
The 47th Infantry Division is formed, named thus for the 47 members of the 1st Minnesota who answered the call after the Battle of Gettysburg.

June 12, 1861- Gov. Alexander Ramsey telegraphs Secretary of War John C. Calhoun that the 1st Minnesota is ready to deploy. "Send them to Harrisburg" is the reply.

June 14, 1931-
Camp Ripley opens for training.

June 18, 1916- President Woodrow Wilson orders National Guard units to the boarder to repel Mexican bandits. The Minnesota National Guard is stationed in New Mexico and gains its "Desert Bull" nickname while training in the sand and heat of the New Mexico desert.

June 19, 1946-
135th Infantry is relieved from assignment to the 34th Infantry Division and assigned to the 47th Infantry Division.

June 22, 1861- The 1st Minnesota leaves for Harrisburg, Pa. They begin their journey by steamboat down the Mississippi River to train stations before heading East.

June 23, 1917- The 1st Minnesota Field Artillery is mobilized at Ft. Snelling to serve in France during World War I, afterwards becoming the 151st Field Artillery.

June 26, 1861-
The 1st Minnesota arrives in Washington, D.C., and sets up camp near the Capitol.

June 30, 1862- The 1st Minnesota engages in the Battle of White Oaks Swamp. The regiment crosses White Oak Swamp in early morning and marches to Brackett's Ford, then to Glendale, where they fought until midnight.
July

July 1, 1960- 148th Fighter Group Minnesota Air National Guard, is formed.

July 2, 1863- The 1st Minnesota charges the Confederate line at Gettysburg. Of the 262 that charge, only 47 answer the call the following day.

July 2, 1944-
The 109th Recon Squadron lands in Lemeire, France, the first Minnesota National Guard presence in continental Europe.

July 3, 1863-
Corp. Henry O'Brien, Company E, 1st Minnesota Infantry, is awarded the Medal of Honor. Taking up the colors where they had fallen, Corp. O’Brien rushed ahead of his regiment, close to the muzzles of the enemy guns, and engaged in the desperate struggle in which the enemy was defeated, and though severely wounded, he held the colors until wounded a second time.

July 3, 1861- The 1st Minnesota sets foot in Confederate territory, crossing the Potomac into Virginia.

July 5, 1943-
The 109th Observation Squadron becomes the 109th Reconnaissance Squadron.

July 9, 1959-
The 109th Air National Guard in Duluth receives its F-89J Fighters.

July 9, 1862-
President Abraham Lincoln visits the 1st Minnesota, camped at Harrison's Landing.

July 13, 1863-
The 1st Minnesota assists other union troops in New York to put down the draft rioters.

July 18, 1917-
The War Department designates National Guard troops of Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota to form the 34th Infantry Division; Camp Cody, N. M., is selected as the training site.

July 19, 1944-
The 34th Infantry Division liberates Livorno, Italy.

July 21, 1861-
1st Minnesota sees its first action at Bull Run.

July 25, 1936-
Governor Floyd B. Olson orders the Guard to enforce martial law in Minneapolis during the truck drivers strike.

July 28, 1864- Elements of the 1st and 2nd Minnesota battle Dakota warriors during the battle of Killdeer, or Ta-Ha-Kouty.

August

Aug. 1, 1991- Youth Camp was the first accredited National Guard Youth Camp in the United States.

Aug. 5, 1917-
The Minnesota National Guard is drafted into federal service for World War I.

Aug. 7, 1898-
The 13th Minnesota lands near Manila in the Philippines under the command of General Arthur MacArthur, Jr.

Aug. 12, 1858-
Under the Militia Act of 1858, Minnesota forms six Divisions and 12 Brigades that contain 28 Regiments.

Aug. 13, 1898- The 13th Minnesota advances on Manila. Of all the combat this day, the most intense took place on the right flank, with the Minnesotans bearing the worst of it.

Aug. 14, 1944-
The 109th Reconnaissance Squadron flies their 1,000th mission.

Aug. 14, 1864-
Sgt. Alonzo H. Pickle, B Company, 1st Battalion Minnesota Infantry, is awarded the Medal of Honor. Risking his life, Sgt. Pickle voluntarily went to the assistance of a wounded officer lying near the enemy line and, under fire, carried him to safety.

Aug. 25, 1917-
The Minnesota National Guard arrives at Camp Cody, N.M. Here they adopt the Red Bull insignia and become known as the "Sandstorm Division".

Aug. 27, 1862-
The regiment moves home to Minnesota.

Aug. 28, 1862-
The 1st Minnesota marches hard to cover the Union retreat in the wake of Second Bull Run, covering 65 miles, often under fire, in four days.
September

Sept. 1, 1861- Brackett's Battalion is formed, becoming Minnesota's first Cavalry unit.

Sept. 1, 1858-
General Alex C. Jones of the Pioneer Guards becomes Minnesota's first Adjutant General.

Sept. 2, 1862-
Confederate attacks are repulsed at Vienna and Flint Hill, and the regiment that night is mistakenly attacked by Union cavalry.

Sept. 10, 1820-
The cornerstone is laid for Ft Snelling. Privates are paid $5 per month to help with the construction.

Sept. 11, 2001-
The 148th Fighter Wing takes to the skies in response to the terrorist attacks in New York, Washington, D.C., and Pennsylvania. In the days that follow 148th will patrol the area of the U.S. Capitol.

Sept. 17, 1948-
Men of the 179th Fighter Squadron, forbear to the 148th Fighter Wing, are mustered for the first time in Duluth.

Sept. 18, 1863-
The 2nd Minnesota, in defense of Snodgrass Hill, suffered heavy losses in the Battle of Chickamauga. In three engagements at Chickamauga, 162 of 384 men were lost.

Sept. 19, 1863-
Sgt. Axel H. Reed, Company K, 2nd Minnesota Infantry, is awarded the Medal of Honor. While under arrest at Chickamauga, Ga., Sgt. Reed left his place in the rear and voluntarily went to the line of battle, secured a rifle, fought gallantly during the two day battle, and was released from arrest in recognition of his bravery.

Sept. 23, 2003-
As part of Multi-National Brigade North's Stabilization Force 14 at Eagle Base in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the 2nd Battalion, 136th Infantry, 34th Infantry Division, assumes command of Task Force South.

Sept. 26, 1918-
151 Field Artilleryis engaged at the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. The battle lasts uninterrupted for six weeks.

Sept. 27, 1945-
The Red Bull Division begins to leave the European theatre for home after 44 months in war. The Division participates in six major Army campaigns in North Africa and Italy, and is credited with amassing 517 days of front line combat, more than any other U.S. division.

October

Oct. 1, 1917- 125th Field Artillery, an element of the 34th Infantry Division is designated.

Oct. 1, 2001- Minnesota State Employees go on strike. The National Guard works 12 hour shifts to perform nursing assistant duties.

Oct. 1, 1961- The Minnesota Air National Guard is placed on active duty in response to the Berlin Crisis.

Oct. 2, 1920- Ray Miller flew General Rhinow and Garis, completing their 8-day, 1,600 mile flight to Washington, D.C., with the goal of convincing the Militia Bureau of the need to form an Air National Guard. The first Air Guard unit is formed in Minnesota in 1921.

Oct. 5, 1993-
Units from across the Twin Cities metro are called up to assist transportation efforts for the disabled and sick.

Oct. 12, 1918-
The Guard is called out to the Moose Lake / Cloquet area to assist in rescue and firefighting, as 250,000 acres burn and 500 lives are lost.

Oct. 12, 1990-
The 109th Airlift Squadron is created in 1968 as part of the Minnesota Army National Guard in Duluth.

Oct. 12, 1990-
The 109th Airlift Squadron is activated in response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.

Oct. 12, 1899-
The highly decorated Minnesota 13th Regiment returns to the Twin Cities and is met by President William McKinley after fighting in the Philippines.

Oct. 13, 1863-
The 1st Minnesota begins fighting in the Bristoe Campaign, fought in Virginia under Maj. Gen. George G. Meade against Gen. Robert E. Lee.

Oct. 22, 1945- After many hard-fought battles, the 34th Infantry Division leaves Italy to head home.
November

Nov. 7, 1918- The 151 Field Artillery fires its last round of World War I.

Nov. 15, 1864-
The 4th Minnesota begins its engagement in Sherman's March to the Sea.

Nov. 19, 1942-
The 175th Field Artillery fires the first American rounds at the Germans in World War II.

Nov. 21, 1990-
The 477th Medical Company of the Army Reserve is activated. Its members serve in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iraq.

Nov. 21, 1942-
The 109th Observation Squadron is dispersed throughout England. Major elements act as training units.

Nov. 25, 1863-
The 2nd Minnesota advances against Confederate forces in Chattanooga during the battle of Missionary Ridge, causing a severe blow to the south.
December

Dec. 1, 1952- The members of the 133rd Fighter Wing return to state control and receive new F-51H fighter planes.

Dec. 1, 1953-
The Minnesota Air National Guard completes 21 months of service during the Korean War and returns to state service.

Dec. 2, 1943-
The 34th Infantry Division wipes out the German positions at Monte Pantano. This defeat forces the Germans to abandon "The Winter Line".

Dec. 7, 1941-
The USS Ward, manned mostly by members of the Minnesota Naval Militia, fires and sinks a Japanese mini sub one hour before the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Dec. 11, 1862-
The 1st Minnesota marches to and captures the town of Fredericksburg.

Dec. 12, 1948-
P-51 Mustangs arrive for the Minnesota Air National Guard. The Mustangs remain in use until 1957.

Dec. 15, 1864-
The 5th,7th, 9th & 10th Minnesota Infantry Regiments charge confederate lines during the Battle of Nashville to conclude the end of the Civil War in the West.

Dec. 16, 1864-
Thomas P. Gere, First Lieutenant and Adjutant, 5th Minnesota Infantry, is awarded the Medal of Honor for capturing the flag of 4th Mississippi.

Dec. 21, 1944-
The 136th moves to the island of Morotai where for 20 days they fight virtually alone against Japanese resistance. During this time, 870 Japanese are killed and ten captured.

Dec. 28, 1950-
The 47th Viking Division is federalized for action in Korea.

Contact

Master Sgt. Daniel Ewer
MNNG Command Historian
651.282.4403
daniel.r.ewer.mil@mail.mil




 

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